NCERT-6 Science Solutions
Chapter 2: Components of Food
NCERT TEXTBOOK EXERCISES-Page 17
Question 1. Name the major nutrients in our food.
Answer: The major nutrients in our food are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals.
Question 2. Name the following:
(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.
(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.
(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.
(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.
(a) Carbohydrates and fats
(c) Vitamin A
Question 3. Name two foods each rich in :
Fats – Butter, Groundnuts.
Starch – Potato, Rice
(c) Dietary fibre
Dietary fibre – Whole grain flour, Fresh fruits.
Protein – Pulses, Milk.
Question 4. Tick (✓) the statements that are correct:
(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill the nutritional requirements of our body. ( )
(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ( )
(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items, ( )
(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )
(a) Incorrect (x)
(b) Correct (✓)
(c) Correct (✓)
(d) Incorrect (x)
Question 5. Fill in the blanks :
(a) ________ is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
(b) Deficiency of ________ causes a disease known as beri-beri.
(c) Deficiency of vitamin C causes a disease known as ________.
(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ________ in our food.
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